What Is Adaptive Reuse?

Adaptive reuse can be simply understood as giving a new purpose to an old building. In many cities, structures originally home to manufacturing plants and small storefronts were abandoned as people moved out of town in search of both jobs and suburban living. Repurposing these original structures has caused a resurgence in urban living. Old mills have become retail and event space, industrial styled lofts or condos and small storefronts have become chic art galleries and boutique restaurants. Sustainability and a desire to limit an individual’s economic footprint are a few factors driving the movement toward adaptive reuse. Altering the function of an underutilized space, rather than demolish it allows us a glimpse into the history of a place and an appreciation for the past.

It is important to clarify that adaptive reuse and historical preservation are different things, although closely related. Historic preservation with regard to the built environment seeks to uphold or recreate the original space and for its originally intended purpose. While this is important to our history as a whole, it can be an expensive endeavor given the regulation and specific nature of locating resources and materials from the past. Adaptive reuse is not necessarily cheap, but it is both good for the environment and offers a return on investment for building owners or stakeholders, as the building has been given a new purpose.

 

     

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Denver’s historic Airedale building, once home to a brothel, peep shows and an adult book store, now houses chef Justin Cucci’s restaurant and music venue, Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox. Cucci used the building’s colorful history as the springboard for the concept. Photos by Adam Larkey

Featured here are three examples of spaces that have been reclaimed in the state of North Carolina. From a former brothel turned restaurant & music venue in Denver, to a mixed-use facility in Asheville, and an engineering shop building on the campus of NC State that is now combined classrooms and research space. Adaptive reuse projects breathe new life into old, vacant buildings, but they’re not for the faint of heart.

Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox – Denver, NC

Chef Justin Cucci didn’t really have the time or money to do another restaurant. He already had two successful spots operating at full speed. But when a local designer purchased the historic building and approached Chef Cucci with the opportunity to help bring the abandoned, Victorian-era structure back to life, the offer was too tempting to pass up, and Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox emerged.

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Ophelia’s was once a brothel. Photo by Oliver Nasralah

Although the building was in a state of decay, Cucci, whose first two restaurants reside in a former gas station, saw a chance to marry creative concept development with adaptive reuse in a way that would honor the building’s past. The fact that its past included a brothel, a peep-show venue and, most recently, a video store just added to the appeal. Working with architecture and design firm BASS Architecture, he created an eclectic, boudoir-inspired concept that boldly celebrates the building’s past lives.

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Original brick walls were retained, where possible, including one in the main dining room that now carries an image of Ophelia, the concept’s namesake and muse.

Opened in April as a 225-seat “gastro-brothel” and live music venue on the main and lower levels of the three-story building, Chef Cucci illustrates the extreme highs and lows of adaptive reuse projects. Lengthy, costly, exhilarating at times and exasperating at others, it’s an example of adaptive reuse at its best, ultimately sustaining and preserving buildings that still have good bones while reinventing and reinvigorating them for new use.

Rice-White Building – Asheboro, NC

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Original Row House

From 2006 to 2014, Rowhouse Architects and Heartwood Renovations, along with public interest groups undertook renovation of the historic Rice White Building, located in the heart of downtown Asheville. Originally built in the 1890’s by the Hilliard family, the building initially served as a mixed-use structure. The ground floor accommodated two retail spaces, and a medical practice operated by two generations of the Hilliard family. The second floor was home to an undertaker’s business, while the third floor served as a meeting space for two fraternal lodges. In the 1910’s the second floor was converted to the central labor union offices and the socialist reading room. Both the second and third floors were converted into a small downtown hotel in the 1930’s.

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Adaptive Reuse: Row house

Another transition came in the 1950’s when a single furniture business, Rice-White Furniture took over the building, giving it the name it is now known for. The main floor housed a retail showroom, while additional items were warehoused on the second and third floors. Despite a large fire, much of the building’s initial character and woodwork survived despite a fire that ruined sections of the upper floors. The 2014 renovation returned the building to a mixed-use facility once again. An independent jewelery store and an art gallery facing Biltmore Avenue make up the first floor, along with smaller combined commercial and residential spaces in the rear. The upper floors of the building are now made up of eight residential units showcasing much of the building’s original architecture and views of downtown Asheville.   

Park Shops Building – NCSU – Raleigh, NC

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After Adaptive Reuse

The Park Shops Building initially served as the shop for NC State’s Mechanical Engineering Department. Built in 1914, the renovation of some 48,000 existing square feet, is proof of the University’s commitment to sustainability and the pride they have in their campus’ history. The architecture and engineering firm of Clark Nexen were tested by having to reimagine a space that initially served one department, into a space that must serve multiple functions. Within the renovated Parks Shops Building, you’ll find classrooms, research and teaching labs for two departments, along with video-conferencing and televised classrooms, as well as a café and offices for student services and advising. In addition to renovating the existing square footage, a 3,000 square foot glass plaza creates a modern entry area and space for public gathering.

The design firm embraced the original brick exterior and industrial feel of the building, while incorporating modern technology and engineering. In doing so, they improved the acoustics and provided for the functionality required in contemporary learning environments, without losing the character of the building. Locating classrooms where they allow in maximum daylight allows for lower energy costs. The renovation completed in 2009 has won multiple awards for architecture and design, and it’s not hard to see why.

Until Next Time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

SOURCES:
Kurul, E. (2007). A qualitative approach to exploring adaptive re-use processes. Facilities, 25(13), 554-570. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02632770710822634

Dyson, K., Matthews, J., & Love, P. E. D. (2016). Critical success factors of adapting heritage buildings: An exploratory study. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 6(1), 44-57. Retrieved from http://proxy144.nclive.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1761040927?accountid=13429

http://learn.org/articles/Jobs_in_Historic_Preservation_Career_and_Salary_FAQs.html   

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/historicpreservation/what-is-historic-preservation.htm

https://charlestonfoodbloggers.com/2015/04/06/best-restaurant-in-each-north-carolina-county-2015/

http://www.westword.com/restaurants/ophelias-electric-soapbox-captures-the-sexy-theme-of-the-buildings-former-tenants-6636634

http://urbanasheville.com/buildings/rice-white/

http://www.rowhouse-architects.com/projects/ricewhite.html

https://www.clarknexsen.com/project/park-shops-adaptive-reuse/

https://historicalstate.lib.ncsu.edu/timelines/campus-buildings-grounds#d1910

   

 

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Get To Know: Vivid Interiors

BRIGHT – FUN – VIVID

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 Source: Vivid Interiors Website

 

Last week my Commercial II design class took a trip to Greensboro, North Carolina to visit a full service design company called Vivid Interiors. Vivid Interiors website brands themselves as this:

We are a full service interior design firm located in Downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. Our storefront is a color explosion of local art, quality NC-made upholstery, and one-of-a-kind vintage pieces. Our self-described aesthetic is a modern twist on southern style. Did we mention we love color?

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Source: Vivid Interiors Website

The store front was amazing! The local North Carolina art work was explicit. Vivid Interiors is a fresh, fun interior design firm located in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. They are an eclectic mix of polished prepster with a little bit of funky quirk. They offer a variety of residential, commercial and showroom design services from consultation to full service interior design. Full service is where they work with clients from conception to installation. Show room design is almost the same as Full-service Design but in a showroom setting. They bring their team to your showroom where they will then oversee the assembly of your product and set and style each vignette. They oversee construction, showroom painting, wallpaper installation, signage and audio visual components. They even help oversee the packing up and shipping things back to your home base! BINGO!!!

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Source: Vivid Interiors Website

 Vivid also works with many vendors who supply a vast selection of items to their store.

Visiting this shop gave me some inspiration for my final year in deign school. Vivid designs can also give you some inspiration! Contact them for your design needs:

(336) 265-8628

info@vivid-interiors.com

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Commercial Design II Class with Instructors Holly Barker and Addie Welch, along with Vivid Design owners Gina and Laura. 

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student 

Introvert VS Extrovert Seating

 

Either an introvert or extrovert, the personal style of your home should reflect your characteristic abilities to relax and recoup.

I’ve always assumed that being an “introvert” or “extrovert” meant you were shy or outgoing. The apex predator vs. the intelligent silent assassin. Center stage vs. screenwriter. I was wrong. I was also under the impression individuals were deemed “introvert” or “extrovert.” I was wrong about that, too. In truth, introversion and extroversion has nothing to do with being the life of the party or the bookworm, but actually relates to where/how you source your energy. Also, no one is 100% either way — everyone has characteristics of both sides, but as personalities go, we either fall mostly in the middle or slightly to one arch.

When it comes to decorating our homes, however, it is seemingly pleasant to allow yourself to identify with one or the other — even if you feel that, personally, you bounce between the two (as most do). They key idea here is “how you source your energy.” As your living space denotes the central point of your lifestyle, the look and feel of your home is essential for reclaiming your narrative… In a sense, a base for “refueling.”

 

An extrovert’s space

If you have a house full of extroverts, you’re going to want to foster a feeling of openness. In an extroverted house, all spaces are social spaces.

And even if you can’t create one big eating, dining, and lounging space, you can still create a haven for your extrovert family! You just have to get creative. For instance, if you have a larger, but closed-off kitchen, you can still make it a warm, social space by adding a sofa. A couch in the kitchen adds a lovely atmosphere to cooking or after-dinner cleanup time.

 

An introvert’s space

Introverts thrive on socializing in smaller groups. They also tend to need some alone time free of distractions. TVs and other obviously noisy activities should be relegated to rooms with doors in an introvert’s house.

To create a more introverted furniture arrangement, set up more intimate seating arrangements with — for instance — a couple of chairs facing each other here and there throughout the house. This encourages conversations between just a couple of people and discourages the hustle and bustle of those large groups, which tends to exhaust introverts.

Adding separations within rooms will make the spaces feel like completely different rooms. Even if your house has large, open spaces, you can create your own smaller rooms with separators. They keep a bright, airy feel while defining distinct spaces inside a large room.

A mixed space

This is where it can get tricky. If you have a house with a few introverts and a few extroverts (or even an ambivert who enjoys both styles) you’re going to want to mix it up with introvert as well as extrovert spaces.

 If you have a den or family room as well as a living room, you can make one the extrovert space and the other the introvert room. Even an extra bedroom can be turned into a introverted space. Call it the “library” or “study” to drive home that this is a quiet space. Many introverts are bookworms anyway, and will welcome a quiet space with a couple of comfy chairs and a lot of books to keep them company.Think about the psychology when you’re decorating as well.

Here, I am going to show you how a commercial floor plan I made for a Women’s Clinic in Texas can be versatile for both extraverts and introverts.

Model

This floor plan works for introverts AND extroverts because it offers a range of seating. There is individual seating options for someone who does not feel comfortable sitting beside a stranger. There is also bench seating options for the person who doesn’t mind. 

Whatever style of living energizes you, explore home design blogs to get ideas on ways that you can make your home layout really work for you and your family. There are so many wonderful examples already out there that will inspire your inner extrovert, introvert, or ambivert!

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student 

Traditional Bohemian Residential Design

The Woodward Residence is located in a Historic part of High Point, North Carolina. The residence was built in 1931 and is a minimal traditional home in Emerywood. The couple has lived in the house for nine years and are now considering the options of an “aging in place” design. Along with making the residence a universal design the Woodward’s have also asked to change the style from traditional to bohemian traditional design style. Mark is inspired by the bohemian fabrics he sees when traveling for work so often. Holly has requested to add on rooms to the house and incorporate existing client furniture.  To accommodate the new request for accessibility along with their growing family Maelee Arnold Interiors has been hired to make the home accessible and to design additions to the Historic home.

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Bathroom Perspective created in SketchUp and rendered in PhotoShop.

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Kitchen Perspective created in SKetchUp and rendered in Photoshop.

A home that is holistic, bohemian, and traditional is shown throughout the Woodward Residence. The Woodward Residence has principles of nature throughout the household and will be replicated in the design through sequencing, natural colors, and transitional rooms. The entrance of bohemian influence in the spaces will provide an interchanging look with visualized texturized surfaces. Designed with the Woodward’s in mind, the space will resonate with those who appreciate art and design, but also to those who share a home.

Until Next Time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

 

Retail Project:

Late July my design class was presented a retail project. For this project in particular, we had to design for high-end fashion. Me, being the person I am choose, Tory Burch. I really enjoy Tory Burchs’ style and the way she represents her brand.

Tory Burch is an American lifestyle brand that embodies the personal style and sensibility of its Chairman, CEO and Designer, Tory Burch. Launched in February 2004, the collection includes ready-to-wear, shoes, handbags, accessories, watches, home and beauty. – Tory Burch, Mission Statement

Tory Burch is an American Life Style Brand that embodies the personal style and sensibility of its Chairman, CEO and Designer, Tory Burch. Launched in February 2004, the collection includes ready-to-wear, shoes, handbags, accessories, watches, home and beauty. Ms. Burch runs her company out of N.Y. but is wanting to open a retail store in Charlotte N.C.
The main purpose of the store is to provide a high rate of customers in the Carolina’s. Tory Burch takes great pride in the architectural projects that they finance for their brand. Tory Burch wants the projects to be of superior quality, setting new standards for high-end retail stores in the transitional city where Tory Burch, Charlotte is located. They are inspired by the high-end design that Ms. Burch sees in visits to luxury spas in Europe.
This particular project is called Tory Burch, Charlotte. It is a brick three story building from the 1990s, located in the city Charlotte, N.C. This is a transitional inner-city neighborhood; it has experienced resurgence in recent years, as some former industrial buildings are being converted to retail, and commercial uses.
The completed project will contain a retail Tory Burch store.E:Tory BurchRetail Floorplan-1 Layout1 (1)

Tory Burch floor plan created in AutoCad and Photoshop

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Store Front perspective made from SketchUp, Podium, and Photoshop.

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Front perspective made from SketchUp, Podium, and Photoshop.

Interiors have gold custom wallpaper, mirrored walls, classic lacquered Tory Burch orange shelving, traditional furniture with gold accents everywhere. A classic approach on Tory Burch.

An organic life style through Tory Burch is refined by an environment that is unified, holistic, and ordered. Tory Burch, a designer of both lifestyle branding and organic prints will take geometrical principles of nature and replicate them in the design through sequencing, brand colors, clean-line architectural, and many textures. The bright retail store is conveyed as a personal “Tory” state with its orange lacquered covered paneling, and dimly-lit overhead lighting, and sofas to evoke romance and allure. Designed with Tory Burch in mind, the space will resonate with those who appreciate art and design, but also to those who share a “TB” sense of pride. Like principles in design, the environment will be artistic, harmonious, and bring a unified spirit to the occupants through the space.

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

5 Bold Bathroom Tile Floors

 

I am obsessed with remodeling baths! I think it is because I love seeing great tile and stone installed and the notion that those surfaces are quite permanent.

Today, though…the focus is bold bathroom tile floors. These bold floors make a marvelous design statement. Bold color, bold pattern, bold texture…no holding back on the floors in these rooms. Cement tiles, mosaic marble basketweave tiles, hexagon ceramic tiles and so much more.

Tip: Notice…if you decide to go extremely bold on the floors…make sure to go minimal on the walls…I would suggest white tile walls or painted walls for bold bathroom floor.

Look 1: Subway tile and bold pattern flooring.

Look 2: Black and white can be used in many ways but here, it is modern traditional.

Look 3: Not sure which one is better, the tile or the shower layout?

Look 4: A interesting spin on black and white.

Look 5: Hexagons are a great shape to use to add interest!

Bold floor print patterns are a great way for designers to add interest to a room. It keeps the eyes wondering throughout the room, which can be great in commercial use. I always try to add either floor or ceiling details into my design because it adds so much more detail.

What do you think about bold bath floors?

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

7 Ways to Decorate With House Plants

A friend of mine recently said they were not a fan of plants inside the house. I highly disagree! I love the idea of using a plant to enhance a room’s decor. Houseplants can add great visual texture to a room and they help purify the air. Studies have shown that plants can have a destressing effect too.

From a tall fiddle leaf fig or palm tree, to some creeping English Ivy, to some low maintenance Aloe Vera, a rubber plant, some bamboo…all good options for inside the house…

Today I show you some ways to style plants in your home! 

 

A little bit of potted greenery in a plant stand is the perfect accent.

A snake plant is low maintenance with a modern look.

Love a fiddle leaf fig in a basket. Definitely on trend.

Palm trees. Need I say more?

An arrangement of small potted plants brightens up this fire place mantel. 

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student