What Is Adaptive Reuse?

Adaptive reuse can be simply understood as giving a new purpose to an old building. In many cities, structures originally home to manufacturing plants and small storefronts were abandoned as people moved out of town in search of both jobs and suburban living. Repurposing these original structures has caused a resurgence in urban living. Old mills have become retail and event space, industrial styled lofts or condos and small storefronts have become chic art galleries and boutique restaurants. Sustainability and a desire to limit an individual’s economic footprint are a few factors driving the movement toward adaptive reuse. Altering the function of an underutilized space, rather than demolish it allows us a glimpse into the history of a place and an appreciation for the past.

It is important to clarify that adaptive reuse and historical preservation are different things, although closely related. Historic preservation with regard to the built environment seeks to uphold or recreate the original space and for its originally intended purpose. While this is important to our history as a whole, it can be an expensive endeavor given the regulation and specific nature of locating resources and materials from the past. Adaptive reuse is not necessarily cheap, but it is both good for the environment and offers a return on investment for building owners or stakeholders, as the building has been given a new purpose.

 

     

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Denver’s historic Airedale building, once home to a brothel, peep shows and an adult book store, now houses chef Justin Cucci’s restaurant and music venue, Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox. Cucci used the building’s colorful history as the springboard for the concept. Photos by Adam Larkey

Featured here are three examples of spaces that have been reclaimed in the state of North Carolina. From a former brothel turned restaurant & music venue in Denver, to a mixed-use facility in Asheville, and an engineering shop building on the campus of NC State that is now combined classrooms and research space. Adaptive reuse projects breathe new life into old, vacant buildings, but they’re not for the faint of heart.

Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox – Denver, NC

Chef Justin Cucci didn’t really have the time or money to do another restaurant. He already had two successful spots operating at full speed. But when a local designer purchased the historic building and approached Chef Cucci with the opportunity to help bring the abandoned, Victorian-era structure back to life, the offer was too tempting to pass up, and Ophelia’s Electric Soapbox emerged.

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Ophelia’s was once a brothel. Photo by Oliver Nasralah

Although the building was in a state of decay, Cucci, whose first two restaurants reside in a former gas station, saw a chance to marry creative concept development with adaptive reuse in a way that would honor the building’s past. The fact that its past included a brothel, a peep-show venue and, most recently, a video store just added to the appeal. Working with architecture and design firm BASS Architecture, he created an eclectic, boudoir-inspired concept that boldly celebrates the building’s past lives.

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Original brick walls were retained, where possible, including one in the main dining room that now carries an image of Ophelia, the concept’s namesake and muse.

Opened in April as a 225-seat “gastro-brothel” and live music venue on the main and lower levels of the three-story building, Chef Cucci illustrates the extreme highs and lows of adaptive reuse projects. Lengthy, costly, exhilarating at times and exasperating at others, it’s an example of adaptive reuse at its best, ultimately sustaining and preserving buildings that still have good bones while reinventing and reinvigorating them for new use.

Rice-White Building – Asheboro, NC

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Original Row House

From 2006 to 2014, Rowhouse Architects and Heartwood Renovations, along with public interest groups undertook renovation of the historic Rice White Building, located in the heart of downtown Asheville. Originally built in the 1890’s by the Hilliard family, the building initially served as a mixed-use structure. The ground floor accommodated two retail spaces, and a medical practice operated by two generations of the Hilliard family. The second floor was home to an undertaker’s business, while the third floor served as a meeting space for two fraternal lodges. In the 1910’s the second floor was converted to the central labor union offices and the socialist reading room. Both the second and third floors were converted into a small downtown hotel in the 1930’s.

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Adaptive Reuse: Row house

Another transition came in the 1950’s when a single furniture business, Rice-White Furniture took over the building, giving it the name it is now known for. The main floor housed a retail showroom, while additional items were warehoused on the second and third floors. Despite a large fire, much of the building’s initial character and woodwork survived despite a fire that ruined sections of the upper floors. The 2014 renovation returned the building to a mixed-use facility once again. An independent jewelery store and an art gallery facing Biltmore Avenue make up the first floor, along with smaller combined commercial and residential spaces in the rear. The upper floors of the building are now made up of eight residential units showcasing much of the building’s original architecture and views of downtown Asheville.   

Park Shops Building – NCSU – Raleigh, NC

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After Adaptive Reuse

The Park Shops Building initially served as the shop for NC State’s Mechanical Engineering Department. Built in 1914, the renovation of some 48,000 existing square feet, is proof of the University’s commitment to sustainability and the pride they have in their campus’ history. The architecture and engineering firm of Clark Nexen were tested by having to reimagine a space that initially served one department, into a space that must serve multiple functions. Within the renovated Parks Shops Building, you’ll find classrooms, research and teaching labs for two departments, along with video-conferencing and televised classrooms, as well as a café and offices for student services and advising. In addition to renovating the existing square footage, a 3,000 square foot glass plaza creates a modern entry area and space for public gathering.

The design firm embraced the original brick exterior and industrial feel of the building, while incorporating modern technology and engineering. In doing so, they improved the acoustics and provided for the functionality required in contemporary learning environments, without losing the character of the building. Locating classrooms where they allow in maximum daylight allows for lower energy costs. The renovation completed in 2009 has won multiple awards for architecture and design, and it’s not hard to see why.

Until Next Time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

SOURCES:
Kurul, E. (2007). A qualitative approach to exploring adaptive re-use processes. Facilities, 25(13), 554-570. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02632770710822634

Dyson, K., Matthews, J., & Love, P. E. D. (2016). Critical success factors of adapting heritage buildings: An exploratory study. Built Environment Project and Asset Management, 6(1), 44-57. Retrieved from http://proxy144.nclive.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1761040927?accountid=13429

http://learn.org/articles/Jobs_in_Historic_Preservation_Career_and_Salary_FAQs.html   

https://www.nps.gov/subjects/historicpreservation/what-is-historic-preservation.htm

https://charlestonfoodbloggers.com/2015/04/06/best-restaurant-in-each-north-carolina-county-2015/

http://www.westword.com/restaurants/ophelias-electric-soapbox-captures-the-sexy-theme-of-the-buildings-former-tenants-6636634

http://urbanasheville.com/buildings/rice-white/

http://www.rowhouse-architects.com/projects/ricewhite.html

https://www.clarknexsen.com/project/park-shops-adaptive-reuse/

https://historicalstate.lib.ncsu.edu/timelines/campus-buildings-grounds#d1910

   

 

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Get To Know: Weatherspoon Art Museum

LESS TALK – MORE ART 

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Source: Weatherspoon Art Gallery

Last week, my Commercial II Design class traveled to downtown Greensboro, North Carolina to view the Weatherspoon Art Museum. Weatherspoon Art Museum is a beautiful museum gallery within the campus of UNC-Greensboro in North Carolina. Although small, the artwork displayed is on a grand scale, with incredible architecture throughout, and unique college of art and design style works displayed in each room, on both floors.

The main purpose of this trip to Weatherspoon was to help generate creative ideas for our upcoming design project for the Bienenstock Furniture and Interior Design Competition. This years Bienenstock competition requires designing a old row house into a new art gallery and living quarter. One thing that I really liked from Weatherspoon was the track lighting system. I plan to implement this into my design, along with moveable track art post. Here is an example and a quick two minute generated sketch:

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The museum is free to the public, and donations are accepted as you enter. They have self-guided tour maps available, with descriptions of the works of art by the contributing artists. The building is two stories, with several separate rooms on each floor housing various art pieces/collections. Everything is easily accessible, and very well displayed. My only wish is that they had more content available to view, but what is there is really spectacular. I’m always impressed by university’s that create a focus on former students from other university’s as well as their own.


You can stroll through this museum at your own pace, and then before or after, take a walk outside to view the exterior portion of the museum, which is also beautiful in it’s own architectural design.

Easily one of the best museums in Greensboro. Oh yes, and it’s free. Parking as well. Now if that’s not a big plus, what else is?

I spent a pleasant couple of hours strolling through each room and admiring the works (and sometimes scratching my head). I recommend a visit!

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student 

Get To Know: Vivid Interiors

BRIGHT – FUN – VIVID

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 Source: Vivid Interiors Website

 

Last week my Commercial II design class took a trip to Greensboro, North Carolina to visit a full service design company called Vivid Interiors. Vivid Interiors website brands themselves as this:

We are a full service interior design firm located in Downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. Our storefront is a color explosion of local art, quality NC-made upholstery, and one-of-a-kind vintage pieces. Our self-described aesthetic is a modern twist on southern style. Did we mention we love color?

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Source: Vivid Interiors Website

The store front was amazing! The local North Carolina art work was explicit. Vivid Interiors is a fresh, fun interior design firm located in downtown Greensboro, North Carolina. They are an eclectic mix of polished prepster with a little bit of funky quirk. They offer a variety of residential, commercial and showroom design services from consultation to full service interior design. Full service is where they work with clients from conception to installation. Show room design is almost the same as Full-service Design but in a showroom setting. They bring their team to your showroom where they will then oversee the assembly of your product and set and style each vignette. They oversee construction, showroom painting, wallpaper installation, signage and audio visual components. They even help oversee the packing up and shipping things back to your home base! BINGO!!!

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Source: Vivid Interiors Website

 Vivid also works with many vendors who supply a vast selection of items to their store.

Visiting this shop gave me some inspiration for my final year in deign school. Vivid designs can also give you some inspiration! Contact them for your design needs:

(336) 265-8628

info@vivid-interiors.com

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Commercial Design II Class with Instructors Holly Barker and Addie Welch, along with Vivid Design owners Gina and Laura. 

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student 

Does Personality Affect Your Design?

Does your personality affect design?

It is important to remember that everyone has different tastes when it comes to home decor, but each of us have preferences that can often be traced back to our personality profile and how we perceive and react to the world.

People can be characterized by their preference of general attitude:

  • Extroverted (E) vs. Introverted (I),

    You may be an introvert if:

    Trait: You prefer to connect one-on-one rather than in a large group.
    Try: Creating plenty of nooks and smaller seating areas to encourage intimate conversation.

    Trait: You can’t concentrate if you’re in a busy or noisy environment.
    Try: Making sure to give yourself a separate office space, rather than putting your desk in the corner of a multi-purpose room.

    Trait: You gather all possible information to make a strategic decision, even if it takes longer.
    Try: Creating a plan for each room before you get down to buying and decorating. Think through how you want to use each room and which pieces will best help you achieve those goals.

You may be an extrovert if:

  • Trait: Being in a buzzing, crowded room makes you feel energized.
    Try: An open-concept space so everyone in your home is always part of the same environment.
  • Trait: You like being in constant contact with the world, even from home.
    Try: Searching for a home in a urban or bustling neighborhood where you can always be around people, just by leaving the house.
  • Trait: You love mingling and having lighthearted interactions with many different people.
    Try: A circular or grouped seating arrangement to encourage everyone to join the conversation.

Their preference of one of the two functions of perception:

  • Sensing (S) vs. Intuition (N), 

    Sensors pay attention to both immediate data from their five senses and from their own direct experiences. They are create meaning from conscious thought, rather than trusting their subconscious, limiting their attention to facts and solid data.

    Institutors process data more deeply than sensors and are happy to trust their subconscious and ‘sixth sense’, gut feel, intuition or whatever you want to call it.

and their preference of one of the two functions of judging:

  • Thinking (T) vs. Feeling (F)

People with the Thinking (T) trait seek logic and rational arguments, relying on their head rather than their heart.

In contrast, people with the Feeling (F) trait follow their hearts and emotions and care little about hiding them.

By better understanding our personality profile, we can make informed decorating decisions that can lead to more peaceful living and well-rounded lives.

Color Choice Affects Your Design

It’s no surprise that color is a main component of how we experience the world around us. But, what may be surprising to some is the fact that that the colors in our environment have a definitive effect on or moods and emotions. As you begin to conceptualize your home’s interior design, make sure that you are using colors in ways that fit with the tone you want to create in the space.

Modern color psychology dates its origins to the early 19th-century when there was some debate regarding the implications of certain shades, researchers, interior designers and marketing professionals seem to agree on these basic tenants:

  • Red: Symbolizes power and passion.
  • Orange: Offers a jolt of energy and innovation
  • Yellow: Associated with happiness, creation, and creativity
  • Green: Known for its soothing qualities.
  • Blue: Perpetuates feelings of calm and freshness
  • Purple: Connotes royalty and luxury.
  • Gray: Gives a sense of relaxation and serenity.
  • Brown: Like green, brown’s natural roots give it a relaxing touch.
  • Black: An assertion of power.
  • White: Relates a sense of cleanliness and purity.

Color is a powerful tool. When it comes to visual communication, few features are more effective at attracting attention and influencing our feelings and perceptions—which is what makes color such an important part of establishing a mood in your design.

Furniture Preference Says A LOT

The furniture in your home also sends a lot of messages about who you are and what is important to you. A large comfortable couch, for example, might subconsciously invite family members (especially in regards to children) to snuggle while they watch a movie, while a stiff love seat might make family members feel that the space is more conducive to adult visitors for conversation. If you have a house full of extroverts, you’re going to want to foster a feeling of openness. In an extroverted house, all spaces are social spaces. If your family is extroverted, take inspiration from loft spaces and gather all the seating in larger clusters.

Introverts thrive on socializing in smaller groups. They also tend to need some alone time free of distractions. TVs and other obviously noisy activities should be relegated to rooms with doors in an introvert’s house.

To create a more introverted furniture arrangement, set up more intimate seating arrangements with — for instance — a couple of chairs facing each other here and there throughout the house. This encourages conversations between just a couple of people and discourages the hustle and bustle of those large groups, which tends to exhaust introverts.

Space Planning

Besides color, another primary reason that you may feel the way you do in certain spaces is the clutter or starkness in your home. In a home that contains a raft of clutter from ceiling to floor, you may not realize that you harbor anxiety or a low mood, even to the degree of leading to a feeling of helplessness. Good organization within your home can help to relieve this problem and allow for a more clutter free environment in which you can take your ease. On the opposite end of the spectrum, you may also feel that a space devoid of personal belongings isn’t inviting or welcoming. Generally, a home that is fairly tidy and neat gives most people a sense of calm, and allows them to move about the space without any feeling of angst. Placing a few key and meaningful possessions around the home will help you to feel that the space is truly yours; a reflection of your personality or the personality of family members. Framing and displaying funny family photos may lead you to enjoy a space even more, sparking good memories and sending a message to visitors that you don’t take yourself too seriously.

We all are drawn to different styles, and similar personalities will not necessarily have similar decorating tastes.  But, they will have similar ways of making decisions, evaluating choices, and experiencing the decor in their homes.

What does your personality say about you? Find out here: http://www.humanmetrics.com/cgi-win/jtypes2.asp

My results are: ESFJ

Comment yours below!

Until Next Time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

5 Bold Bathroom Tile Floors

 

I am obsessed with remodeling baths! I think it is because I love seeing great tile and stone installed and the notion that those surfaces are quite permanent.

Today, though…the focus is bold bathroom tile floors. These bold floors make a marvelous design statement. Bold color, bold pattern, bold texture…no holding back on the floors in these rooms. Cement tiles, mosaic marble basketweave tiles, hexagon ceramic tiles and so much more.

Tip: Notice…if you decide to go extremely bold on the floors…make sure to go minimal on the walls…I would suggest white tile walls or painted walls for bold bathroom floor.

Look 1: Subway tile and bold pattern flooring.

Look 2: Black and white can be used in many ways but here, it is modern traditional.

Look 3: Not sure which one is better, the tile or the shower layout?

Look 4: A interesting spin on black and white.

Look 5: Hexagons are a great shape to use to add interest!

Bold floor print patterns are a great way for designers to add interest to a room. It keeps the eyes wondering throughout the room, which can be great in commercial use. I always try to add either floor or ceiling details into my design because it adds so much more detail.

What do you think about bold bath floors?

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

7 Ways to Decorate With House Plants

A friend of mine recently said they were not a fan of plants inside the house. I highly disagree! I love the idea of using a plant to enhance a room’s decor. Houseplants can add great visual texture to a room and they help purify the air. Studies have shown that plants can have a destressing effect too.

From a tall fiddle leaf fig or palm tree, to some creeping English Ivy, to some low maintenance Aloe Vera, a rubber plant, some bamboo…all good options for inside the house…

Today I show you some ways to style plants in your home! 

 

A little bit of potted greenery in a plant stand is the perfect accent.

A snake plant is low maintenance with a modern look.

Love a fiddle leaf fig in a basket. Definitely on trend.

Palm trees. Need I say more?

An arrangement of small potted plants brightens up this fire place mantel. 

Until next time,

Maelee Arnold

Interior Design Student

My Nordstrom 2017 Mothers Day Gift Guide:

mothers day dress

Mother’s Day is Sunday, May 14th. Time to start thinking about what you will buy the mothers in your life and what you might wear if it’s your special day. Nordstrom has you covered for both with lots of beautiful dresses and Mother’s Day gifts. The free shipping and returns makes shopping at Nordstrom extremely easy. You can even buy online and pick up your purchase in store if you are lucky enough to live near a Nordstrom.

Whether you are the mother being celebrated or you are celebrating a mom, this slimming Lace Fit and Flare Dress would be perfect for the occasion.

mothers day earrings

If your a mom, you should buy yourself these Kendra Scott Earrings, wrap them up, and tell your husband or significant other thank you. They are so pretty, I might have to buy myself a pair.

mothers day shoes

Since the dress is so dark, I would pair it with these bright Hot Pink Suede Sandals.

mothers day purse

Another great present for yourself or the mother in your life is this Gucci Supermini Shoulder Bag. The texture is neutral enough to go with any outfit but especially this black dress.

mothers day bag

Of course, moms sometimes need a roomier bag. In that case, I love this neutral Tory Burch Leather Tote. I had a bag this exact shade and it was the best investment I ever made because it went with everything.

mothers day neck
These Initial Pendant Necklaces are such a great price that you could buy multiple initials to signify all of a mother’s children or you could even spell out a name. Designed by Kate Spade, you are sure to make your mother feel like “one in a million”.

mothers day clutch

You could win favorite child status if you gave your mom this pretty Gucci Travel Clutch with a ticket for a spa weekend or special getaway.

mothers day robe

Speaking of spas, I would book an at home spa treatment for your mom along with a white Nordstrom Terry Robe.

mothers day la mer

If you are the reason your mom has a few wrinkles, so why not treat her to the ultimate pampering kit, La Mer The Moisture Intensive Collection. This could also win you a lot of brownie points with your mother for down the road when you need to hit her up for money.

toru burch mothers day

The best presents for Mother’s Day are those your mom might not buy for herself. Perfume is always a great treat and I love this Tory Burch Love Relentlessly Eau de Parfum Spray but there are plenty of other Tory Burch scent options if she would prefer another fragrance.

 

Hope this helps you get started on your Mother’s Day Shopping!

Until next mothers day,

 

MA

Interior Design Student